This morning, we’ve been busy with researching two well-known women who worked for NASA: Katherine Johnson (1918 – 2020) and Mae Jemison (1956 – Present). We are going to explore the similarities and differences in their lives, which will inform our biography writing in the next couple of weeks.
Comment below a fact you have learned about either Katherine Johnson or Mae Jemison!
In 1850 a Stone Age settlement was discovered by accident in Orkney, Scotland.
Explain that it was excavated over several decades and is one of the best-preserved Neolithic sites in the world.
Built between 3200 BC and 2200 BC, it’s older than Stone henge! Inhabited until the beginning of the Bronze Age.It comprises of 8 houses, connected by tunnels. It is so well-preserved that the walls and furniture have survived including belongings and tools that belonged to the people who lived there.
Each house had the same basic structure:
Use the following links to find out more about this amazing find:
Our learning for today is to understand what Stone Age artefacts tell us about this period of time.
See below for the answer
How did you do?
According to scientists’ trilobites were on earth before dinosaurs. After the extinction of the dinosaurs came Ice Age animals such as the wholly mammoth. It is believed that early humans appeared around the end of the Ice Age period.
Check the information below and add any information (in green pen) that you did have in your work.
How long have people been on Earth for?
People have been on earth for about 3 million years AFTER the dinosaurs. The first (Homo sapiens) were around 200,000 years ago and probably came from Africa and were travellers. They did not live in one place and did not farm.
What might these people have eaten?
They foraged and collected, leaves, fruits, nuts, vegetables and hunted animals. They were known as HUNTER- GATHERERS.
What might the weather have been like in Britain millions of years ago?
That climate used to be much colder and that Britain and much of Europe used to be covered in ice so life was very difficult.
Why might life have been difficult?
The first people arrived in Britain at the end of the last Ice Age. They travelled, by foot, across Europe.
Why might they have travelled by foot?
The only mode of transport was walking and at this time Britain was joined to Europe.
How do we know all of this information about the Stone Age?
Archaeologist have discovered objects (stone, bone, antler tools), bones/skeletons, cave paintings, pottery, monuments. Explain that these pieces of evidence are also known as artefacts. Explain that we do not know everything about them because it was so long ago, and they did not write in the way that we do now. They lived in caves or in camps.
What do humans need to survive? Make a list of everything you can think of.
Now, add any information that you didn’t already have on your mind maps.
Early humans survived by creating and using sharp stones tools to kill animals. The dead animals provided food and they used the skin to keep themselves warm.
Early humans also used fire to keep themselves safe and warm. Fire was also used to ward off predators. Experts believe that early humans gained the ability to start their own fire by using flint and firewood. The bones of the animals were used materials for making tools for example, needles were used to sew animal skin together to create clothes. Sharp stones, bones and teeth were also used to skin animals.
They moved around from place to place to stay safe and dry/ warm, depending on the time of the year.
Watch this video to find out more information about Early humans. Write down all the useful information and add it to your mind maps.
A timeline is a list of important events arranged in the order in which they happened or chronologically.
What does the term ‘chronological order’ mean?
‘Chronologicalorder‘ means the order in which things happen.
A timeline has features such as years, months and/or days as the time periods, images and pictures linked to the events. Timelines can be horizontal or vertical and we often use timelines in history to put things in order of when they happened.
We arrange our dates from the time Jesus was born:
even though we say this is the Year 2020, the world is actually billions of years old
BC means Before Christ and AD means Anno Domini (in the time of our Lord)
Higher BC number were longer ago
Higher AD numbers are closer to now
Write down on paper important dates/year in your life e.g. the year you were born, the year you started school, the year family members were born etc. You will use this to help you complete your activity.
Watch the video below to help you understand more about timelines.
The next video will help you to create your own timeline.
Here are some important dates to include on your timeline:
The Palaeolithic period (roughly 2.5 million years ago to 10,000 B.C.)
The Mesolithic period(about 10,000 B.C. to 7,000 B.C.)
Neolithic (Late Stone Age) 7,500-3,000 BC
Bronze Age – 3,000 BC
Iron Age 800-700 BC
2012/ 2013 AD birth year
2009/2010 start school
If you need help have a look at the timeline below for some ideas.
We are going to be studying the stone age in history.
it is a time before Jesus.
The first people arrived in Britain over 2 and a half million years ago…
How do we know about them?’
How do we know about people from the past?
What clues might they have left behind?
We know all of this through Archaeology, artefacts, objects (stone, bone, antler tools), bones/skeletons, cave paintings, pottery, monuments. Artefacts, objects (stone, bone, antler tools), bones/skeletons, cave paintings, pottery, monuments are classified as evidence. We do not know much about these people because it was so long ago however, we use the evidence we have to piece together what life was like in the past.
Look carefully at the pictures below to help you develop questions about things you want to find out about the Stone Age.
Early humans lived in caves or in camps.
When developing a question, your question will need to begin with one of the 5 W’s (What, Where, When, Why, Who) and How.
‘What was life like for a Stone Age child?’
‘How did humans in the Stone Age collect their food?’